Русский New site

Advanced search

[ New messages · Forum rules · Members ]
Page 1 of 11
Forum » SpaceEngine » Feedback and Suggestions » Stellar Classification Suggestions
Stellar Classification Suggestions
n3xtDate: Wednesday, 17.10.2012, 12:35 | Message # 1
Explorer
Group: Users
Netherlands
Messages: 184
Status: Offline
Hellooow guyz biggrin

I would love to see this some day in S.E.

But before I post my suggestions, I would like to know why S.E. classifies some supposedly ''orange giants'' and ''red giants'' as K and M ''V'' wich is a main sequence star. I encounter this quite alot.

Anyway here's my suggestion on both luminosity classes (a little bit additional) and color appearance (not conventional)

''Extremely luminous supergiants'' (hypergiants)

- Ia-0

- Ia+


Spectral types: O, B, A, F, G and K

''Luminous supergiants'' (hypergiants)

- Ia

- Ia-Iab


Spectral types: O, B, A, F, G, K and M

''Bright supergiants'' (hypergiants)

- Iab-Ia

- Iab

- Iab-Ib


Spectral types: O, B, A, F, G, K and M

''Supergiants''

- Ib-Iab

- Ib

- Ib-II


Spectral types: O, B, A, F, G, K and M

''Bright giants''

- II-Ib

- II

- II-III

Spectral types: O, B, A, F, G, K and M


''Giants''

- III-II

- III

- III-IV


Spectral types: O, B, A, F, G, K and M

''Subgiants''

- IV-III

- IV

- IV-V


Spectral types: O, B, A, F, G and K (did anyone ever noticed an M-type subgiant? Well, I haven't)

''Main sequence stars''

- V-IV

- V

- V-VI


Spectral types: O, B, A, F, G and K

(Red dwarfs: late K to late M)

(Brown dwarfs: late M to late T)


''Subdwarfs''

(Main sequence):

- VI-V

- VI


Spectral types: late F, G, K and early M

(Hot subdwarfs & cool subdwarfs):

- sd (subdwarfs)

- esd? (extreme subdwarfs?)


Spectral types: O, B and early A (hot subdwarfs) or late M, L and T (cool subdwarfs)

''White dwarfs''

- D

Spectral types: O, B, A, F, G, K and M

Not much though but would be cool to see the additional ype ''Iab'' as bright supergiants...

Anyway on to color appearance (non-conventional)

O2 - B5 = blue

B6 - A9 = blue-white

F0 - F7 = white

F8 - G3 = yellow-white

G4 - G7 = yellow

G8 - K3 = yellow-orange

K4 - K7 = orange

K8 - M4 = orange-red (note: red dwarfs would remain original but a K9 V star as an orange-red main sequence star)

M5 - M9 = red

L0 - T9 = brown dwarfs


Edited by n3xt - Thursday, 18.10.2012, 16:01
 
HarbingerDawnDate: Wednesday, 17.10.2012, 14:49 | Message # 2
Cosmic Curator
Group: Administrators
United States
Messages: 8711
Status: Offline
n3xt, all you did was basically post the Morgan-Keenan spectral classification system - which is already used in SE - with the addition of Iae as a luminosity class, and then reclassifying the color boundaries. I'm curious as to what this is supposed to accomplish.

First, let's start with your luminosity classes and their logic. You say that Ia-0, Ia+, and Iae are all different types of hypergiants, with slightly different cutoffs in spectral type. Well, what if you have a B-type hypergiant? Would it be B Ia-0, B Ia+, or B Iae?

As for the colors, there is some merit in what you suggest, but the colors don't really matter all that much imo. My first impression upon using SE was that descriptions like "Yellow dwarf" and "Red bright giant" were unnecessary. As long as you can see the spectral classification then you know all those things. Now I can see the value that such a system has for people unfamiliar with spectral types, it helps you to get to know the classes. So because of this using the "traditional" colors for the temperature classes is the best choice as it is an educational tool and not meant to be as descriptive as possible.

The best idea for a new stellar classification system would be to come up with a completely original one, but again that would go against the purpose of SpaceEngine which is to be a tool for people to learn about real astronomy in addition to exploring the universe. Also, trying to convert real world classes into a different system would be a pain when adding stars to the catalog.

Quote (n3xt)
I would like to know why S.E. classifies some supposedly ''orange giants'' and ''red giants'' as K and M ''V'' wich is a main sequence star.

Show me one case in which SE labels a star as a giant but lists its luminosity class as V.





All forum users, please read this!
My SE mods and addons
Phenom II X6 1090T 3.2 GHz, 16 GB DDR3 RAM, GTX 970 3584 MB VRAM
 
smjjamesDate: Wednesday, 17.10.2012, 14:58 | Message # 3
World Builder
Group: Users
United States
Messages: 913
Status: Offline
Quote (HarbingerDawn)
Quote (n3xt)
I would like to know why S.E. classifies some supposedly ''orange giants'' and ''red giants'' as K and M ''V'' wich is a main sequence star.

Show me one case in which SE labels a star as a giant but lists its luminosity class as V.


http://en.spaceengine.org/forum/4-705-10479-16-1346718430 It says G0 III, but the luminosity is that of a K main sequence star. The mass is of a G main sequence though and the diameter is probably K V, or low G V.

It's a rare bug, I've only seen a few more since, with similar properties (not sure if they're always labelled G0 though)







Edited by smjjames - Wednesday, 17.10.2012, 15:04
 
HarbingerDawnDate: Wednesday, 17.10.2012, 15:24 | Message # 4
Cosmic Curator
Group: Administrators
United States
Messages: 8711
Status: Offline
Quote (smjjames)
It's a rare bug, I've only seen a few more since, with similar properties

I've seen that as well, but that's not quite the same as SE mislabeling a luminosity class.





All forum users, please read this!
My SE mods and addons
Phenom II X6 1090T 3.2 GHz, 16 GB DDR3 RAM, GTX 970 3584 MB VRAM
 
n3xtDate: Thursday, 18.10.2012, 01:18 | Message # 5
Explorer
Group: Users
Netherlands
Messages: 184
Status: Offline
HarbingerDawn
Quote
Show me one case in which SE labels a star as a giant but lists its luminosity class as V.


Well here you got it xD

I have to admit that this looks very nice for a giant star to be so roundish xD

Attachments: 0761264.jpg(80Kb) · 5690688.jpg(128Kb)


Edited by n3xt - Thursday, 18.10.2012, 01:21
 
HarbingerDawnDate: Thursday, 18.10.2012, 01:26 | Message # 6
Cosmic Curator
Group: Administrators
United States
Messages: 8711
Status: Offline
Quote (n3xt)
Well here you got it

No. It is labeled as a dwarf, which matches its luminosity class. It may be the size of a giant, but its labels are consistent with each other, which is what I meant.





All forum users, please read this!
My SE mods and addons
Phenom II X6 1090T 3.2 GHz, 16 GB DDR3 RAM, GTX 970 3584 MB VRAM
 
smjjamesDate: Thursday, 18.10.2012, 01:48 | Message # 7
World Builder
Group: Users
United States
Messages: 913
Status: Offline
Maybe let Space Engineer have his say? I dunno.

That one does look a bit odd to me, although it is a young star.





 
WatsisnameDate: Thursday, 18.10.2012, 01:57 | Message # 8
Galaxy Architect
Group: Global Moderators
United States
Messages: 2608
Status: Offline
Harbinger is correct, the 'dwarf' luminosity class matches its designation as a V (main sequence) star. All main sequence stars are considered dwarfs. The problem here is that SE (rather the catalog it uses, since I see that is not a procedural star) has the wrong luminosity designation because a main-sequence star with that mass would be blue-white with a surface temperature over 10,000 Kelvins and appear not very dissimilar to Vega. Instead its physical properties match that of a giant (class III) like Aldebaran.






Edited by Watsisname - Thursday, 18.10.2012, 01:59
 
n3xtDate: Thursday, 18.10.2012, 02:18 | Message # 9
Explorer
Group: Users
Netherlands
Messages: 184
Status: Offline
HarbingerDawn
Quote
First, let's start with your luminosity classes and their logic. You say that Ia-0, Ia+, and Iae are all different types of hypergiants, with slightly different cutoffs in spectral type. Well, what if you have a B-type hypergiant? Would it be B Ia-0, B Ia+, or B Iae?


Well to be honest I've read on some page that yellow hypergiants are typically classified as ''Ia-0'' or Ia-0e
While blue hypergiants are typically Ia+ and occasionally Ia-0 aswell or Iae+ or Ia-0
But for red hypergiants are usually just Ia, Iae (emission lines

I agree the ''e'' is just an additional spectral feature.

Some supposed red hypergiants are even Iab.

That's because red hypergiants are not really classified by their luminosites.

The yellow ones are both classified by their luminosities as well as diameters.

And for the blue ones they should be referec as ''extremely luminous supergiants'' or very... Since they're too small typically to be hypergiants but their luminosites exceed them rediculously higher.

Sorry for my broken English I'm tired xD


Edited by n3xt - Thursday, 18.10.2012, 02:25
 
SpaceEngineerDate: Thursday, 18.10.2012, 14:12 | Message # 10
Author of Space Engine
Group: Administrators
Russian Federation
Messages: 4796
Status: Offline
Quote (n3xt)
Well here you got it xD I have to admit that this looks very nice for a giant star to be so roundish xD

This is a mistake in the catalog used in SE. Maybe downloading (and converting into SE format) the last edition of HIPPARCOS catalog would fix this.





 
Forum » SpaceEngine » Feedback and Suggestions » Stellar Classification Suggestions
Page 1 of 11
Search: